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Opt Lett. 2007 Sep 15;32(18):2659-61.

C(n)(2) profile measurement from Shack-Hartmann data.

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Office National d'Etudes et de Recherches Aérospatiales, BP 72, 92322, Châtillon, France.


C(n)(2) profile monitoring usually relies on the exploitation of wavefront slope correlations or of scintillation pattern correlations. Scintillation is rather sensitive to high turbulence layers whereas wavefront slope correlations are mainly due to layers close to the receiving plane. Wavefront slope and scintillation correlations are therefore complementary. A Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor (SHWFS) is currently used to measure wavefront slopes only. But it could also be sensitive to scintillation as the average intensity in a given subaperture can be obtained by adding pixel intensities in the subaperture focal plane up. With slopes and scintillation being recorded simultaneously, their correlation is also theoretically available. We propose to exploit wavefront slope and scintillation correlations recorded with a SHWFS to retrieve the C(n)(2) profile. Two measurement methods are exposed. In CO-SLIDAR (Coupled SLODAR SCIDAR), correlations of SHWFS data recorded on two separated stars are exploited. SCO-SLIDAR (Single CO-SLIDAR) relies on the same principle as CO-SLIDAR, but SHWFS data are recorded on a single star. Results of C(n)(2) estimation from simulated SHWFS data are presented.

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