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Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2007 Oct;20(5):451-5.

An update on the role of opioids in the management of chronic pain of nonmalignant origin.

Author information

1
Multidisciplinary Pain Center, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, 2100 Copenhagen Ø, Denmark.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To summarize and reflect over primarily recent epidemiological and randomized controlled trials in opioid-treated chronic nonmalignant pain patients, focusing on effects, side effects, risks and long-term consequences of the treatment.

RECENT FINDINGS:

In the western world opioids are increasingly being used for long-term treatment of chronic nonmalignant pain. While the long-term benefits of opioids regarding pain relief, functional capacity and health-related quality of life still remain to be proven, studies are emerging that describe serious long-term consequences such as addiction, opioid-induced hyperalgesia, cognitive disorders, and suppression of the immune and reproductive systems.

SUMMARY:

Much more research is needed concerning long-time effects and consequences of opioid therapy in chronic nonmalignant pain patients; however, some clear warning signals have been sent out within recent years.

PMID:
17873598
DOI:
10.1097/ACO.0b013e3282ef6b18
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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