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J Neural Eng. 2007 Sep;4(3):R59-63. Epub 2007 Apr 27.

Stem cells engineering for cell-based therapy.

Author information

1
National Neuroscience Institute, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433, Singapore. obgpjt@nus.edu.sg

Abstract

Stem cells carry the promise to cure a broad range of diseases and injuries, from diabetes, heart and muscular diseases, to neurological diseases, disorders and injuries. Significant progresses have been made in stem cell research over the past decade; the derivation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) from human tissues, the development of cloning technology by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and the confirmation that neurogenesis occurs in the adult mammalian brain and that neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in the adult central nervous system (CNS), including that of humans. Despite these advances, there may be decades before stem cell research will translate into therapy. Stem cell research is also subject to ethical and political debates, controversies and legislation, which slow its progress. Cell engineering has proven successful in bringing genetic research to therapy. In this review, I will review, in two examples, how investigators are applying cell engineering to stem cell biology to circumvent stem cells' ethical and political constraints and bolster stem cell research and therapy.

PMID:
17873412
DOI:
10.1088/1741-2560/4/3/R01
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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