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J Biol Chem. 2007 Nov 16;282(46):33735-42. Epub 2007 Sep 14.

Stimulus-induced phosphorylation of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase by protein kinase A.

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Institut für Biochemie und Biologie, Zoophysiologie, Universität Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse 24/25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.


Eukaryotic vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) are regulated by the reversible disassembly of the active V(1)V(0) holoenzyme into a cytosolic V(1) complex and a membrane-bound V(0) complex. The signaling cascades that trigger these events in response to changing cellular conditions are largely unknown. We report that the V(1) subunit C of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta interacts with protein kinase A and is the only V-ATPase subunit that is phosphorylated by protein kinase A. Subunit C can be phosphorylated as single polypeptide as well as a part of the V(1) complex but not as a part of the V(1)V(0) holoenzyme. Both the phosphorylated and the unphosphorylated form of subunit C are able to reassociate with the V(1) complex from which subunit C had been removed before. Using salivary glands of the blowfly Calliphora vicina in which V-ATPase reassembly and activity is regulated by the neurohormone serotonin via protein kinase A, we show that the membrane-permeable cAMP analog 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)adenosine-3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-CPT-cAMP) causes phosphorylation of subunit C in a tissue homogenate and that phosphorylation is reduced by incubation with antibodies against subunit C. Similarly, incubation of intact salivary glands with 8-CPT-cAMP or serotonin leads to the phosphorylation of subunit C, but this is abolished by H-89, an inhibitor of protein kinase A. These data suggest that subunit C binds to and serves as a substrate for protein kinase A and that this phosphorylation may be a regulatory switch for the formation of the active V(1)V(0) holoenzyme.

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