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Can Fam Physician. 2007 Jun;53(6):1027-33.

Prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of ankyloglossia: methodologic review.

Author information

1
Ste-Justine's Hospital, Montreal, QC. lauren.segal@elf.mcgill.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the diagnostic criteria for, the prevalence of, and the effectiveness of frenotomy for treatment of ankyloglossia.

DATA SOURCES:

MEDLINE and CINAHL databases were searched for articles suitable for a methodologic review of studies on various aspects of ankyloglossia.

STUDY SELECTION:

Studies that presented data on patients and addressed ankyloglossia in relation to breastfeeding were selected. Case reports, case series, retrospective studies, prospective controlled studies, and randomized controlled trials were included in the analysis. Opinion pieces, literature reviews, studies without data on patients, studies that did not focus on breastfeeding, position statements, and surveys were excluded.

SYNTHESIS:

There is no well-validated clinical method for establishing a diagnosis of ankyloglossia. Five studies using different diagnostic criteria found a prevalence of ankyloglossia of between 4% and 10%. The results of 6 non-randomized studies and 1 randomized study assessing the effectiveness of frenotomy for improving nipple pain, sucking, latch, and continuation of breastfeeding all suggested frenotomy was beneficial. No serious adverse events were reported.

CONCLUSION:

Diagnostic criteria for ankyloglossia are needed to allow for comparative studies of treatment. Frenotomy is likely an effective treatment, but further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm this. A reliable frenotomy decision rule is also needed.

PMID:
17872781
PMCID:
PMC1949218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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