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Circ Res. 2007 Nov 9;101(10):1030-8. Epub 2007 Sep 13.

Transient receptor potential channel 6-mediated, localized cytosolic [Na+] transients drive Na+/Ca2+ exchanger-mediated Ca2+ entry in purinergically stimulated aorta smooth muscle cells.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, V6T 1Z1.

Abstract

The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is increasingly recognized as a physiological mediator of Ca2+ influx and significantly contributes to salt-sensitive hypertension. We recently reported that Ca2+ influx by the NCX (1) is the primary mechanism of Ca2+ entry in purinergically stimulated rat aorta smooth muscle cells and (2) requires functional coupling with transient receptor potential channel 6 nonselective cation channels. Using the Na+ indicator CoroNa Green, we now directly observed and characterized the localized cytosolic [Na+] ([Na+]i) elevations that have long been hypothesized to underlie physiological NCX reversal but that have never been directly shown. Stimulation of rat aorta smooth muscle cells caused both global and monotonic [Na+]i elevations and localized [Na+]i transients (LNats) at the cell periphery. Inhibition of nonselective cation channels with SKF-96365 (50 micromol/L) and 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (75 micromol/L) reduced both global and localized [Na+]i elevations in response to ATP (1 mmol/L). This effect was mimicked by expression of a dominant negative construct of transient receptor potential channel 6. Selective inhibition of NCX-mediated Ca2+ entry with KB-R7943 (10 micromol/L) enhanced the LNats, whereas the global cytosolic [Na+] signal was unaffected. Inhibition of mitochondrial Na+ uptake with CGP-37157 (10 micromol/L) increased both LNats and global cytosolic [Na+] elevations. These findings directly demonstrate NCX regulation by LNats, which are restricted to subsarcolemmal, cytoplasmic microdomains. Analysis of the LNats, which facilitate Ca2+ entry via NCX, suggests that mitochondria limit the cytosolic diffusion of LNats generated by agonist-mediated activation of transient receptor potential channel 6-containing channels.

PMID:
17872462
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.107.155531
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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