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Vet J. 2007 Nov;174(3):577-84. Epub 2007 Sep 14.

Emergence of a highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in the Mid-Eastern region of China.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Animal Diseases Diagnostic and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210095, China.

Abstract

Herds of pigs in the Mid-Eastern region of China have experienced recent outbreaks of a severe form of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) characterised by high fever and morbidity and mortality in animals of different ages. Eighty-one herds were diagnosed with PRRS virus (PRRSV) infection from June to December 2006 on the basis of clinical signs, pathological findings and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Twenty strains of PRRSV were isolated from 20 herds in six provinces. Following experimental inoculation, one isolate, designated SY0608, caused 100% morbidity and 25-50% mortality in 30-, 65- and 105-day-old pigs and the birth of stillborn and weak piglets from affected sows. The ORF5 gene had 99.5-99.8% nucleotide and 99-100% derived amino acid sequence identities among SY0608 and five other field isolates, but only 89.4% and 88.6% identities, respectively, with VR-2332, the prototypic North American isolate. The 2850bp Nsp2 gene of SY0608 had 79.4% nucleotide and 74.9% derived amino acid sequence identities with VR-2332; deletions of 1 and 29 amino acids corresponded to positions 480 and 531-559 of strain VR-2332, respectively. These findings demonstrated that a new highly pathogenic Northern American type PRRSV has spread widely in the Mid-Eastern region of China.

PMID:
17869553
DOI:
10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.07.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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