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Soc Sci Med. 2008 Jan;66(1):201-9. Epub 2007 Sep 14.

Factors affecting Taiwanese women's choice of Cesarean section.

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Department of Health Care Management, College of Management, Chang Gung University, Taiwan.


The rising rate of cesarean section (CS) is a subject of concern, intensive discussion, and investigation. However, few, if any, systematic studies of this trend have been recorded among the oriental populations. This study examines factors that may contribute to the high incidence of CS in Taiwan, where the rate of CS is among the highest in the world. Multiple logistic regression and stratified analyses were used to determine the association between CS and various factors, including provider and patient parameters. Our study sample of 2,497 cases was drawn from a total of 10,654 in-patient deliveries in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital of Taiwan. A number of factors associated with the use of CS were explored, including maternal age, occupation, education and marital status of the mother, sex and body weight of the infant at birth, parity, insurance status, source of admission, and time of birth. Our study also shows that CS in Taiwan is affected by the folk belief of Pe-Ji, which influences the preference of some patients for delivery at a specific time. Such a preference reflects a unique right of choice by women in Taiwan.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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