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Prim Care. 2007 Sep;34(3):475-504, v-vi.

Recent advances in the understanding and treatment of anxiety disorders.

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  • 1Residency Training Program in Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Franklin Square Hospital Center, Baltimore, MD 21237, USA.


Anxiety disorders usually are chronic or recurrent disorders characterized by stress sensitivity and a fluctuating course. Both psychopharmacologic and cognitive-behavioral treatments are well-established, evidence-based treatments for panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Exposure-based behavioral treatment is well established as evidence-based treatment for specific phobias. Primary care physicians can make a significant impact on patients' lives by identifying and educating about anxiety disorders, directing patients to appropriate self-help resources, choosing evidence-based drug treatment when indicated, and making referrals for specialist care.

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