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Am J Vet Res. 1991 Nov;52(11):1917-21.

Evaluation of two applanation tonometers in cats.

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Department of Surgical Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706.


Comparisons of the MacKay-Marg and Tono-Pen applanation tonometers in open and closed in vitro systems were made for the eyes of cats. Both instruments significantly underestimated intraocular pressure (IOP) vs direct manometry (P less than 0.001), but in readily predictable manner, with high coefficients of determination (r2 = 0.99). For tonometer 1 (MacKay-Marg), calculated actual IOP = 1.36 x (MacKay-Marg measurement) - 1.67 mm of Hg; and for tonometer 2 (Tono-Pen), calculated actual IOP = 1.37 x (Tono-Pen measurement) + 0.8 mm of HG, using measurements from 11 enucleated eyes. In vivo comparisons were initially made in 81 clinically normal eyes (n = 41 cats) by applying the Tono-Pen first followed by the MacKay-Marg. Compared with the MacKay-Marg, the Tono-Pen significantly (P less than 0.001) underestimated IOP in these cats. When the order of tonometer applanation was subsequently reversed in 73 clinically normal eyes (n = 37 cats) the Tono-Pen again significantly (P less than 0.001) underestimated IOP, compared with the MacKay-Marg. Alterations in tonometer order did not result in significant differences in measured IOP for the MacKay-Marg when compared with itself, but Tono-Pen measurements were significantly (P less than 0.05) less when its use followed, rather than preceded, that of the MacKay-Marg. Mean (+/- SD) IOP in clinically normal cats when each tonometer was used first was 22.6 +/- 4.0 mm of Hg (range, 14 to 32 mm of Hg) for the MacKay-Marg and 19.7 +/- 5.6 mm of Hg (9 to 31 mm of Hg) for the Tono-Pen.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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