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Cancer Treat Rev. 2007 Dec;33(8):741-56. Epub 2007 Sep 12.

Use of comparative proteomics to identify potential resistance mechanisms in cancer treatment.

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Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Walther Oncology Center/Walther Cancer Institute and IU Cancer Center, Indiana University School of Medicine, 1044 W. Walnut Street, R4-166, IN 46202, United States.


Drug resistance is a major problem in successful cancer chemotherapy. Many molecular mechanisms that are responsible for drug resistance are known whereas others have yet to be discovered. Determining the exact mechanism activated in a particular case (clinical or laboratory) is a difficult task. Recently, proteomics has been applied to investigate drug resistance mechanisms in model cancer cell lines. As a result, novel mechanisms of resistance have been discovered and known mechanisms of resistance confirmed. In this paper, we wish to review recent developments and progresses in the application of proteomic tools to identify known and novel drug resistance mechanisms in drug-selected model cancer cell lines. Our combined analyses of multiple proteomic studies of various drug resistant cancer cell lines revealed that many mechanisms of resistance likely exist in any given drug-selected cancer cell line and that common mechanisms of resistance may be selected in a spectrum of cancer cell lines. These observations suggest that combination therapies targeting multiple mechanisms to sensitize drug resistant cancers may be necessary to eradicate cancers in the future.

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