Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gynecol Oncol. 2007 Dec;107(3):495-9. Epub 2007 Sep 12.

Survival impact of multiple bowel resections in patients undergoing primary cytoreductive surgery for advanced ovarian cancer: a case-control study.

Author information

The Kelly Gynecologic Oncology Service, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.



To evaluate clinicopathological factors and survival outcome of patients with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma undergoing multiple bowel resections to achieve optimal (< or = 1 cm) cytoreduction.


A case-control study was performed identifying patients undergoing optimal primary cytoreductive surgery with > or = 2 bowel resections between 10/1997 and 2/2006. The two control groups consisted of (1) patients undergoing optimal cytoreduction with < or = 1 bowel resections matched [1:2] for age and stage and (2) patients left with suboptimal disease. Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the effects of demographic and surgico-pathologic factors on survival outcome.


A total of 34 patients underwent > or = 2 bowel resections. Sixty-eight patients underwent < or = 1 bowel resections. All patients had optimal cytoreduction and 40/102 patients (39.2%) underwent complete cytoreduction. Patients undergoing multiple bowel resections experienced a higher EBL (700 v 500 mL, p=0.01) and longer LOS (10 v 7 days, p=0.01) compared to patients with < or = 1 bowel resections. Multivariate analysis revealed the amount of residual disease to be a statistically significant and radiation therapy to the right pelvic sidewall and cul-de-sac independent predictor of overall survival. The median overall survival time for patients undergoing > or = 2 bowel resections was 28.3 months, which was comparable to patients undergoing < or = 1 bowel resections, (37.8 months, p=0.09) but statistically significantly superior to patients left with suboptimal residual disease (12 months, p=0.02).


Although primary surgery that includes > or = 2 bowel resections is associated with longer LOS and a higher EBL, such extensive procedures are warranted if they will contribute to an overall optimal residual disease state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center