Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2007 Sep;9(5):596-607.

Facts and fiction about sulfur metabolism in relation to plant-pathogen interactions.

Author information

1
Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany. elke.bloem@fal.de

Abstract

Sulfur deficiency developed into a widespread nutrient disorder in the 1980s because of the drastic decrease of SO(2) emissions in western Europe after Clean Air Acts came into force. It was observed that not only the yield and quality of agricultural crops were negatively affected by sulfur deficiency but also their health status. Since the mid 1990s the physiological background of this latter phenomenon in the sulfur metabolism has been studied by different researchers. From 2001 until 2006, field trials with different varieties of oilseed rape were conducted in Germany, and also from 2001 until 2003 in Scotland, to investigate the underlying mechanisms of sulfur-induced resistance and to develop fertiliser strategies which increase the health status of crops and minimise the requirement for chemical fungicides. A comprehensive disease assessment was conducted and a range of different sulfur-containing metabolites and enzymes were analysed in relation to sulfur nutrition and fungal diseases. H2S emissions from field-grown crops under different sulfur nutritional status were studied for the first time and a positive relationship was observed. Besides S fertilisation, fungal infection increased H2S emissions, too. The studies deliver new insight into the complex of sulfur-induced resistance but many questions still remain open. This contribution will show different possible strategies to solve some of the open questions.

PMID:
17853360
DOI:
10.1055/s-2007-965420
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
Loading ...
Support Center