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Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2008;42(1):59-62. Epub 2007 Aug 24.

Efficacy of tamsulosin in medical expulsive therapy for distal ureteral calculi.

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Urology Department, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.



To evaluate the potential role of tamsulosin in the medical treatment of distal ureteral stones.


Ninety patients with symptomatic distal ureteral calculi were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups: Group A (n=45) received diclofenac 100 mg on demand for 4 weeks plus levofloxacin 250 mg daily for the first week and were well hydrated; and Group B (n=45) received the same therapy plus tamsulosin 0.4 mg/daily for 4 weeks. Abdominal ultrasound scans and KUB X-rays were performed weekly. Stone expulsion rates, time to expulsion, pain episodes and analgesic usage were determined. Intervention by means of shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL) or ureteroscopy was evaluated.


The stone expulsion rate was 51.1% for Group A, compared to 88.9% for Group B (p=0.001). The average time to expulsion was 12.53+/-2.12 days for Group A and 7.32+/-0.78 days for Group B (p=0.04). The number of pain episodes was significantly lower in Group B and mean use of analgesics was lower for Group B (0.14+/-0.5 vials) than Group A (2.78+/-2.7 vials). Twenty-two patients in Group A failed to pass their stones after 4 weeks but only five in Group B. Of the patients who were not stone-free, 19 were treated with SWL and eight underwent ureteroscopy.


Our study reveals the efficacy of tamsulosin for the treatment of distal ureteral stones. Tamsulosin should be added to the standard medical approach for treating these stones.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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