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Neurocase. 2007 Aug;13(4):237-47.

Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia: not all it seems?

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The diagnosis of the behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) can be challenging. At present there is a paucity of prospective work addressing the specificity of current diagnostic criteria for bvFTD with respect to long-term outcome (i.e., false positives versus true positives).

METHODS:

Here we report two individuals who met current clinical criteria for bvFTD and who underwent detailed long-term clinical and neuropsychological follow-up. In addition, both had serial volumetric MRI and functional metabolic (FDG-PET) imaging separated by 5 years.

RESULTS:

One case had a slow clinical decline as well as both progressive atrophy and hypometabolism in a frontotemporal distribution, consistent with a neurodegenerative FTD syndrome. However, the second developed neither atrophy nor hypometabolism and remained clinically stable, a decade from symptom onset.

CONCLUSION:

We propose that these cases illustrate that while there may be a slow evolution in bvFTD, it is possible that some cases who meet current criteria may not have a neurodegenerative syndrome. If correct, this hypothesis has important implications for the current diagnostic criteria. A potential hierarchy for diagnostic certainty in bvFTD is suggested.

PMID:
17852756
DOI:
10.1080/13554790701594870
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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