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J Clin Periodontol. 2007 Oct;34(10):828-34.

Cigarette smoking and periodontal disease among 32-year-olds: a prospective study of a representative birth cohort.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Sciences, School of Dentistry, The University of Otago, Otago, New Zealand. murray.thomson@stonebow.otago.ac.nz

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Smoking is recognized as the primary behavioural risk factor for periodontal attachment loss (AL), but confirmatory data from prospective cohort studies are scarce.

AIM:

To quantify the association between cigarette smoking patterns and AL by age 32.

METHODS:

Periodontal examinations were conducted at ages 26 and 32 in a longstanding prospective study of a birth cohort born in Dunedin (New Zealand) in 1972/1973. Longitudinal categorization of smoking exposure was undertaken using data collected at ages 15, 18, 21, 26 and 32.

RESULTS:

Complete data were available for 810 individuals of whom 48.9% had ever smoked (31.5% were current smokers). Compared with never-smokers, long-term smokers (and other age-32 smokers) had very high odds ratios (ORs of 7.1 and 5.7, respectively) for having 1 +sites with 5 +mm AL, and were more likely to be incident cases after age 26 (ORs of 5.2 and 3.2, respectively). Two-thirds of new cases after age 26 were attributable to smoking. There were no significant differences in periodontal health between never-smokers and those who had quit smoking after age 26.

CONCLUSIONS:

Current and long-term smoking in young adults is detrimental to periodontal health, but smoking cessation may be associated with a relatively rapid improvement in the periodontium.

PMID:
17850601
PMCID:
PMC2253679
DOI:
10.1111/j.1600-051X.2007.01131.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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