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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Nov 15;26(10):1313-23. Epub 2007 Sep 7.

Resource use in patients with Crohn's disease treated with infliximab.

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1
Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital de Cabueñes, Gijón, Spain.

Abstract

AIM:

To estimate the impact of infliximab (IFX) on hospital resources for patients with Crohn's disease.

METHODS:

Resource use data for at least 1 year before (B-IFX) and after (A-IFX) infliximab administration were retrospectively collected for all patients treated with IFX at the Hospital Cabueñes (Spain). Direct costs calculated were: hospital-stays, surgeries, out-patient visits, diagnostic and laboratory tests, pharmacological treatments, and day-care hospitalization for IFX administration.

RESULTS:

Patients (n = 34; mean age at treatment: 43.6 years) with 9.8 and 4.3 years (B-IFX and A-IFX, respectively) had their costs estimated. Partial or complete response was achieved in 82% of patients. Total annual B-IFX costs per patient were Euro 4,464, of which 62.4% was for hospitalization, 3.1% for surgery, 8.7% for consultation visits, 16.2% for diagnostic and laboratory tests, and 9.6% for other treatments. Total annual A-IFX costs per patient were Euro 10,594; of which 6.4% was for hospitalization, 0.8% for surgery, 4.2% for consultation visits, 7.6% for diagnostic and laboratory tests, 5.5% for other treatments, and 75.5% for IFX and its administration. The primary cost item was hospitalization (Euro 2,783) during the B-IFX period as opposed to IFX itself (Euro 7,996) during the subsequent A-IFX period.

CONCLUSIONS:

In routine practice, IFX appears to be an effective treatment by reducing hospital-stays, but increases overall budgetary cost for patients with Crohn's disease.

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