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Thromb Haemost. 2007 Sep;98(3):564-9.

Polymorphisms in the endothelial protein C receptor gene and thrombophilia.

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Research Center, La Fe University Hospital, Valencia, Spain.


The protein C anticoagulant pathway plays a crucial role as a regulator of the blood clotting cascade. Protein C is activated on the vascular endothelial cell membrane by the thrombin-thrombomodulin complex. Once formed, activated protein C (APC) down-regulates thrombin formation by inactivating factors (F)Va and FVIIIa. Endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) is able to bind protein C and increase the rate of protein C activation. Normal APC generation depends on the precise assemblage, on the surface of endothelial cells, of thrombin, thrombomodulin, protein C and EPCR. Therefore, any change in the efficiency of this assemblage may cause reduced/increased APC generation and modify the risk of thrombosis. This review highlights the different mutations/polymorphisms reported in the EPCR gene and their association with the risk of thrombosis.

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