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Coll Antropol. 2007 Jun;31(2):613-9.

Differencies in morphologic characteristics between top level gymnasts of year 1933 and 2000.

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Department of Gymnastics, Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.


In 1933, at the 5th Regional Sokol Meeting in Ljubljana which was at the time a place in the Yugoslav Kingdom, Skerlj carried out the first measurements of 189 gymnasts, active competitors; in 2000, at the World Cup Meeting in Ljubljana, Cuk and associates carried out measurements of 40 top gymnasts. Our analysis of identical variables has shown that there is no difference in body height and weight of the gymnasts in 1933 and those in 2000, while there is a significant difference in the width of their shoulders and pelvis, the contemporary athletes being wider in their shoulders and narrower in their pelvis. The differences can be assigned to the new requirements in contemporary gymnastics as exercises are becoming more difficult, including more rotation around the vertical and horizontal axis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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