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Health Psychol. 2007 Sep;26(5):618-26.

The influence of state and trait affect on HIV risk behaviors: a daily diary study of MSM.

Author information

1
University of Illinois at Chicago, IL 60608, USA. bmustanski@psych.uic.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize the influence of state and trait affect on HIV risk behaviors.

DESIGN:

Men who have sex with men (N = 155) completed reports of trait affect and daily reports of affect and sexual behaviors each night for up to 30 days.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Analyses focused on the role of state and trait positive activation (PA), negative activation (NA), anxious arousal (AA), and sexual activation (SA) on sexual risk taking, operationalized as having a sex partner, a partner-related risk composite, and an HIV risk behavior composite.

RESULTS:

State SA was positively associated with having a sex partner and HIV risk behaviors; trait SA was positively associated with partner-related risk. State AA was negatively associated with having a sex partner and positively associated with HIV risk behaviors. Trait AA had a negative association with partner-related risk and moderated the effects of state AA. State PA was negatively associated with HIV risk behaviors, and trait PA had a main effect on having a sex partner. NA had no significant trait or state effects.

CONCLUSION:

These data suggest a role for multiple affective states in sexual risk taking. Models of HIV risk-taking behaviors should be extended to include affective processes.

PMID:
17845113
DOI:
10.1037/0278-6133.26.5.618
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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