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J Appl Psychol. 2007 Sep;92(5):1368-79.

When can employees have a family life? The effects of daily workload and affect on work-family conflict and social behaviors at home.

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Department of Management, Eli Broad Graduate School of Management, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA.


This article presents a longitudinal examination of antecedents and outcomes of work-to-family conflict. A total of 106 employees participating in an experience-sampling study were asked to respond to daily surveys both at work and at home, and their spouses were interviewed daily via telephone for a period of 2 weeks. Intraindividual analyses revealed that employees' perceptions of workload predicted work-to-family conflict over time, even when controlling for the number of hours spent at work. Workload also influenced affect at work, which in turn influenced affect at home. Finally, perhaps the most interesting finding in this study was that employees' behaviors in the family domain (reported by spouses) were predicted by the employees' perceptions of work-to-family conflict and their positive affect at home.

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