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Science. 1994 Dec 23;266(5193):1999-2002.

Trans-acting dosage effects on the expression of model gene systems in maize aneuploids.


The reduction in vigor of aneuploids was classically thought to be due to the imbalance of gene products expressed from the varied chromosome relative to those from the remainder of the genome. In this study, the dosage of chromosomal segments was varied, but the transcript level of most genes encoded therein showed compensation for the number of copies of the gene. Genes whose dosage was not altered were affected by aneuploidy of unlinked chromosomal segments. The phenotypic effects of aneuploidy and of a substantial fraction of quantitative variation are hypothesized to be the consequence of an altered dosage-sensitive regulatory system.

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