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J Biol Chem. 2007 Nov 9;282(45):33227-36. Epub 2007 Sep 7.

Differential distribution of unmodified and phosphorylated histone deacetylase 2 in chromatin.

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Manitoba Institute of Cell Biology, University of Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) is one of the histone-modifying enzymes that regulate gene expression by remodeling chromatin structure. Along with HDAC1, HDAC2 is found in the Sin3 and NuRD multiprotein complexes, which are recruited to promoters by DNA-binding proteins. In this study, we show that the majority of HDAC2 in human breast cancer cells is not phosphorylated. However, the minor population of HDAC2, preferentially cross-linked to DNA by cisplatin, is mono-, di-, or tri-phosphorylated. Furthermore, HDAC2 phosphorylation is required for formation of Sin3 and NuRD complexes and recruitment to promoters by transcription factors including p53, Rb, YY1, NF-kappaB, Sp1, and Sp3. Unmodified HDAC2 requires linker DNA to associate with chromatin but is not cross-linked to DNA by formaldehyde. We provide evidence that unmodified HDAC2 is associated with the coding region of transcribed genes, whereas phosphorylated HDAC2 is primarily recruited to promoters.

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