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Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2008 Jan-Apr;96(1-3):171-86. Epub 2007 Aug 1.

Simulation analysis of intracellular Na+ and Cl- homeostasis during beta 1-adrenergic stimulation of cardiac myocyte.

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Cell/Biodynamics Simulation Project Kyoto University, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.


To quantitatively understand intracellular Na+ and Cl- homeostasis as well as roles of Na+/K+ pump and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator Cl- channel (ICFTR) during the beta1-adrenergic stimulation in cardiac myocyte, we constructed a computer model of beta1-adrenergic signaling and implemented it into an excitation-contraction coupling model of the guinea-pig ventricular cell, which can reproduce membrane excitation, intracellular ion changes (Na+, K+, Ca2+ and Cl-), contraction, cell volume, and oxidative phosphorylation. An application of isoproterenol to the model cell resulted in the shortening of action potential duration (APD) after a transient prolongation, the increases in both Ca2+ transient and cell shortening, and the decreases in both Cl- concentration and cell volume. These results are consistent with experimental data. Increasing the density of ICFTR shortened APD and augmented the peak amplitudes of the L-type Ca2+ current (ICaL) and the Ca2+ transient during the beta1-adrenergic stimulation. This indirect inotropic effect was elucidated by the increase in the driving force of ICaL via a decrease in plateau potential. Our model reproduced the experimental data demonstrating the decrease in intracellular Na+ during the beta-adrenergic stimulation at 0 or 0.5 Hz electrical stimulation. The decrease is attributable to the increase in Na+ affinity of Na+/K+ pump by protein kinase A. However it was predicted that Na+increases at higher beating rate because of larger Na+ influx through forward Na+/Ca2+ exchange. It was demonstrated that dynamic changes in Na+ and Cl- fluxes remarkably affect the inotropic action of isoproterenol in the ventricular myocytes.

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