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Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2007 Sep;21(3):745-59, ix.

Infection in patients with severe burns: causes and prevention thereof.

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Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government Medical College and Hospital, No. 1156-B, Sector-32 B, Chandigarh 160030, India.


The better understanding of burn pathophysiology has resulted in effective fluid resuscitation in the acute stage, but the morbidity and mortality of burn patients are mostly linked to the burn wound consequences. Once the initial acute phase is over, the burn wound becomes the source of virtually all ill effects, local and systemic. The dysfunction of the immune system, a large cutaneous bacterial load, the possibility of gastrointestinal bacterial translocation, prolonged hospitalization, and invasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures all contribute to infectious complications. Wound infection may lead to septicemia that may not only consume additional resources but is associated with significant morbidity and mortality despite the advances in burn care.

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