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Urology. 2007 Aug;70(2):372.e17-9.

Emphysematous pyelonephritis in dialysis patient after embolization of failed allograft.

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  • 1Department of Nephrology, Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Madrid, Spain.


Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an uncommon acute infection characterized by the presence of gas in the renal parenchyma. Diabetics account for most cases, and the mortality rate is high. We report a case of emphysematous pyelonephritis after therapeutic embolization of a nonfunctioning renal graft in a nondiabetic dialysis patient. Given the increasing popularity of therapeutic embolization to control graft intolerance syndrome associated with rejected kidneys, physicians should be aware of this potentially severe complication. We discuss the differential diagnosis from entities requiring different management strategies, such as postembolization syndrome, persistence of graft intolerance, and the presence of sterile intrarenal.

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