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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Sep;88(9):1185-92.

The spinal cord injury spasticity evaluation tool: development and evaluation.

Author information

1
Department of Kinesiology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To develop and assess the reliability and validity of a new scale designed to measure the impact of spasticity on daily life in people with spinal cord injury (SCI).

DESIGN:

Scale development and assessment.

SETTING:

General community.

PARTICIPANTS:

Community-dwelling persons with chronic SCI and spasticity participated in study 1 (n=9), study 2 (n=19), and study 3 (n=61).

INTERVENTIONS:

Not applicable.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Study 1: participant definitions of spasticity and list of scale items. Study 2: scale refinement, face validity, and time to complete. Study 3: internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity.

RESULTS:

The Spinal Cord Injury Spasticity Evaluation Tool (SCI-SET) is a 7-day recall self-report questionnaire that takes into account both the problematic and useful effects of spasticity on daily life in people with SCI. The scale exhibited good face validity and required 6.8+/-2.6 minutes to complete. The internal consistency (alpha) and intraclass correlation coefficient of the SCI-SET were .90 and .91, respectively. Construct validity was supported by correlations (r range, -.48 to .68; P<.01) between SCI-SET scores and theoretically meaningful constructs.

CONCLUSIONS:

The SCI-SET fills a need for a reliable and valid self-report measure of the impact of spasticity on daily life in people with SCI, taking into account both the problematic and useful effects of spasticity.

PMID:
17826466
DOI:
10.1016/j.apmr.2007.06.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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