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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Nov 3;362(4):1079-84. Epub 2007 Aug 30.

Crystal structure of Ufc1, the Ufm1-conjugating enzyme.

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  • 1Department of Biotechnology, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan.


Ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like protein-conjugating enzymes play central roles in posttranslational modification processes. The ubiquitin-fold modifier 1 (Ufm1), one of a variety of ubiquitin-like modifiers, is covalently attached to target proteins via Uba5 and Ufm1-conjugating enzyme 1 (Ufc1), which are analogous to the E1 and E2 ubiquitylation enzymes. As Ufm1-related proteins are conserved in metazoa and plants, the Ufm1 system likely plays important roles in various multicellular organisms. Herein, we report the X-ray structure of human Ufc1 determined at 1.6 A resolution. The Ufc1 structure comprises a canonical E2 domain and an additional N-terminal domain. The Uba5 binding site on Ufc1 was assigned by structural comparison of Ufc1 and Ubc12 and related mutational analyses. In addition, we show that the N-terminal unique domain of Ufc1 contributes to thermal stability.

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