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J Health Soc Policy. 2003;17(4):1-14.

Trends and responsiveness in national resource allocation for needed HIV services: a five year (1996-2000) analysis.

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Office of Science and Epidemiology, HIV/AIDS Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.


A recent study conducted by the Institute of Medicine concluded that there are approximately 1,200 to 1,400 avoidable deaths per year in the U.S. among people living with HIV (PLWH) who do not have health insurance (Institute of Medicine, 2002). The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1990 to provide funding for community-based HIV care services for uninsured and underinsured PLWH--the only Federal program to provide such funding. There is substantial local autonomy in the allocation of CARE Act funds, with planning processes that take place in both States and metropolitan areas. The purpose of this study is to examine trends in the allocation of such funds from 1996 through 2000, the first five years during which effective antiretroviral medications were available for HIV. The study also considers whether these trends were responsive to the evolving modalities of care and the service needs of a changing population of PLWH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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