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Kidney Int. 2007 Dec;72(11):1380-7. Epub 2007 Sep 5.

The impact of HIV on chronic kidney disease outcomes.

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Department of Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, California 94110, USA.


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a known complication of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but outcomes among HIV-infected patients with kidney disease are unknown. We studied a national sample of 202,927 patients with CKD (stage 3 or higher) for death, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the mean annual rate of decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) over a median period of 3.8 years. Within this sample, 0.3% of the patients were diagnosed with HIV, 43.5% were diabetic, whereas the remainder had neither disease. In this national CKD cohort, HIV-infected black patients were at higher risk of death, a similar risk for ESRD and loss of eGFR than black patients with diabetes. HIV-infected white patients experienced higher rates of death but a lower risk of ESRD than their counterparts with diabetes. Our results highlight a need to study mortality and mechanisms of ESRD in the HIV infected population.

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