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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Nov 3;362(4):946-50. Epub 2007 Aug 28.

P2X7 receptors mediate NADH transport across the plasma membranes of astrocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the University of California at San Francisco, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.

Abstract

NADH plays critical roles in mitochondrial functions and energy metabolism. There has been no study demonstrating that NADH can be transported across the plasma membranes of cells. In this study we tested our hypothesis that NADH can be transported across the plasma membranes of astrocytes by a P2X7 receptor (P2X7R)-mediated mechanism. We found that treatment of astrocytes with NADH led to increases in both intracellular NADH and NAD+. Three lines of studies suggest that P2X7R mediates the NADH transport into astrocytes: the P2X receptor antagonist pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid (PPADS) blocked the NADH transport; RNAi knockdown of P2X7R led to decreased NADH transport; and transfection of HEK293 cells with mouse P2X7R cDNA led to increased NADH transport. Collectively, our study provides the first direct evidence demonstrating that NADH can be transported across the plasma membranes of astrocytes by a P2X7R-mediated mechanism. Our study also suggests a novel approach for manipulating intracellular NADH and NAD+ levels.

PMID:
17803959
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2007.08.095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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