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Can J Neurol Sci. 2007 Aug;34(3):356-61.

Oxidative stress after subarachnoid hemorrhage in gp91phox knockout mice.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Oxidative stress largely contributes to early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). One of the major sources of reactive oxygen species is NADPH oxidase, upregulated after SAH. We hypothesized that NADPH oxidase-induced oxidative stress plays a major causative role in early brain injury after SAH.

METHODS:

Using gp91phox knockout (ko) and wild-type (wt) mice, we studied early brain injury in the endovascular perforation model of SAH. Mortality rate, cerebral edema, oxidative stress, and superoxide production were measured at 24 h after SAH. Neurological evaluation was done at 23 h after SAH surgery.

RESULTS:

Genotyping confirmed the existence of a nonfunctional gp91phox gene in the ko mice. CBF measurements did not show differences in SAH-induced acute ischemia between ko and wt mice. SAH caused a significant increase of water content in the ipsilateral hemisphere as well as an increase of Malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and superoxide production. There were no significant differences in post-SAH mortality rate, brain water content and the intensity of the oxidative stress between knockout and wild type groups of mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results suggest that gp91phox is not critically important to the early brain injury after SAH. An adaptive compensatory mechanism for free radical production in knockout mice is discussed.

PMID:
17803037
PMCID:
PMC3893885
DOI:
10.1017/s031716710000682x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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