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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1991 Aug;28(2):199-207.

Role of OmpD2 and chromosomal beta-lactamase in carbapenem resistance in clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Department of Cellular Information Sciences, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.


Imipenem-resistant clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa were divided into two categories: (i) isolates that were moderately resistant to imipenem (MIC 6.25 mg/L) that produced trace amounts of protein D2 detected with immunoblotting using anti-protein D2 antibody, but not when stained with Coomassie blue and had inducible class 1 beta-lactamase expression; (ii) isolates that were highly resistant to several beta-lactams, including meropenem, with no protein D2 by staining or immunoblotting and had stably derepressed beta-lactamase. Laboratory strains were isolated and analyzed: (i) mutants lacking protein D2, or (ii) lacking protein D2 and producing stably derepressed beta-lactamase with carbapenem resistance similar to the clinical isolates. (iii) mutants producing undetectable beta-lactamase which were four-fold more susceptible to imipenem than the mutant producing stably derepressed beta-lactamase or the strain with inducible beta-lactamase. These data suggests that beta-lactamase and outer membrane permeability govern meropenem-resistance in P. aeruginosa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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