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Int J Mol Med. 2007 Oct;20(4):483-92.

Inhibition of alanyl-aminopeptidase on CD4+CD25+ regulatory T-cells enhances expression of FoxP3 and TGF-beta1 and ameliorates acute colitis in mice.

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IMTM GmbH, D-39120 Magdeburg, Germany.


Inhibitors of alanyl-aminopeptidase e.g. phebestin increase the expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 in mononuclear cells. We investigated whether phebestin also produced this effect in CD4+CD25+ T-cells and whether phebestin-treated CD4+CD25+ T-cells were capable of ameliorating acute colitis in mice. The suppressive activity of mouse CD4+CD25+ T-cells was assessed in vitro by co-culture with splenocytes. mRNA expression associated with the suppressive phenotype was determined in vitro and in vivo. The in vivo role of phebestin-exposed CD4+CD25+ T-cells was studied in sodium dextran sulfate-induced acute colitis in mice. The proliferation of activated effector T-cells or splenocytes in vitro was inversely correlated with the number of CD4+CD25+ T-cells. Phebestin pre-treatment substantially enhanced the suppressive activity of these cells and increased expression levels of TGF-beta1 and FoxP3. Furthermore, transfer of CD4+CD25+ T-cells exposed to phebestin for a short time ex vivo significantly reduced the mouse colitis disease activity index. We conclude that aminopeptidase inhibitors support the suppressive activity as well as TGF-beta1 and FoxP3 expression of natural regulatory T-cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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