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Cell Cycle. 2007 Sep 1;6(17):2178-85. Epub 2007 Jun 27.

Nutlin-3 inhibits the NFkappaB pathway in a p53-dependent manner: implications in lung cancer therapy.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Cell Cycle Control, Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, Proteos, Singapore.

Abstract

Nutlins were identified as the first potent and specific small molecule Mdm2 antagonists that inhibit the p53-Mdm2 interaction. We show in this study that Nutlin-3 can downregulate TNFalpha induced activation of the NFkappaB reporter in lung cancer cells. Activation of p53 dependent transcription is not compromised when Nutlin-3 is combined with TNFalpha. Instead, this combination treatment decreases cell viability in a p53 dependent manner. We show that Nutlin-3 strikingly inhibits the protein expression of NFkappaB target genes ICAM-1 and MCP-1 while other targets like Bcl-xL and FLIP are not affected, thereby suggesting that the inhibition is promoter specific. This inhibition of ICAM-1 and MCP-1 by Nutlin-3 is again dependent on the p53 status in cells. Furthermore, we show that Nutlin-3 strongly inhibits protein expression of ICAM-1 and MCP-1 induced by IL1, another NFkappaB activating stimuli. Nutlin-3 does not inhibit Akt phosphorylation, IkappaB alpha phosphorylation, IkappaB alpha degradation, p65 modification or p65 DNA binding in the cell lines tested. This study suggests the potential of Nutlin-3 as a bitargeted anti-cancer drug by simultaneously causing p53 activation and NFkappaB suppression. It also suggests that Nutlin-3 could be evaluated for treatment of lung cancer as a single agent or in combination therapy by targeting its effect on ICAM-1 and MCP-1 which are known to be critical for cancer cell invasion, thereby downregulating tumor formation and metastasis. This study also suggests biomarkers of response for evaluation of Nutlin-3 in the clinic.

PMID:
17786042
DOI:
10.4161/cc.6.17.4643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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