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J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2007 Aug;89(8):1015-8.

Charnley low-friction arthroplasty: survival patterns to 38 years.

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The John Charnley Research Institute Wrightington Hospital, Appley Bridge, near Wigan, UK.


We studied survival to 38 years after Charnley low-friction arthroplasty of the hip. We used revision as an end-point, while adopting a policy of regular follow-up and early revision for radiological changes alone if indicated. Between November 1962 and June 2005, 22,066 primary low-friction arthroplasties (17,409 patients) had been performed at Wrightington Hospital by more than 330 surgeons. By June 2006, 1001 (4.5%) hips had been revised and 1490 patients (2662 hips, 12%) had died. At 31 years, where a minimum of 40 hips were still attending follow-up, survival with revision for infection as an endpoint was 95%, for dislocation 98%, for a fractured stem 88.6%, for a loose stem 72.5% and for a loose acetabular component 53.7%. Wear and loosening of the ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene acetabular component were the main long-term problems. We conclude that regular follow-up after hip replacement is essential and that all operative findings should be recorded at revision.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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