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Clin Chim Acta. 1991 Aug 30;200(2-3):191-9.

Serum amyloid P component in chronic renal failure and dialysis.

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Department of Medicine, Royal Postgraduate Medical School, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.


A normal reference interval for serum amyloid P component (SAP) concentration in the serum was established in 500 healthy adult individuals (274 women, 226 men), by electroimmunoassay calibrated with standards of highly purified, isolated SAP. The mass of SAP in these was determined from the extinction coefficient of SAP at 280 nm measured here precisely for the first time by spectrophotometry and cryogenic drying. The mean (SD, range) SAP concentration was significantly lower in women: 24 mg/l (8, 8-55), compared to 32 mg/l (7, 12-50) in men (P less than 0.001). In renal insufficiency patients, 38 with chronic renal failure, 79 on hemodialysis and 66 on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, the mean values for SAP concentration were all significantly higher than normal (range of means, 39-59 mg/l in men and 35-42 mg/l in women), but did not correlate with serum creatinine, duration of dialysis or the presence of an acute phase response. The metabolism of SAP is thus altered in renal failure and is not normalized by dialysis, but it is not clear whether this is relevant to the pathogenesis of dialysis related arthropathy and amyloidosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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