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J Health Care Poor Underserved. 1991 Fall;2(2):307-19.

Smoking cessation among blacks.

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National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.


The burden of cancer on the U.S. black population has been compounded by a high prevalence of smoking among blacks. Lung cancer among blacks is a serious public health problem, with a mortality rate of 119 per 100,000 among black males compared to 81 per 100,000 for white males. Blacks, both male and female, have lower quit rates for smoking than does the general U.S. population. Why more blacks than whites continue to smoke is not clear, but the National Cancer Institute has recently funded several research projects to facilitate smoking cessation among blacks. It appears from preliminary findings that smoking cessation efforts among blacks are most successful if they use broadcast media that reach black audiences, if they tailor their print materials to address the needs of black smokers, and if black community networks are utilized.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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