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Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Sep 15;26(6):879-87.

Epidemiology of chronic atrophic gastritis: population-based study among 9444 older adults from Germany.

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1
Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiological data on chronic atrophic gastritis from general population samples are sparse in Germany.

AIM:

To assess prevalence of chronic atrophic gastritis according to potential risk factors and clinical outcomes in a large-scale population-based study.

METHODS:

In the baseline examination of ESTHER, a population-based cohort study conducted in Germany, serological measurements of pepsinogen (PG) I and II and Helicobacter pylori antibodies were taken in 9444 women and men aged 50-74 years. Information on potential risk factors and medical history were obtained by questionnaire.

RESULTS:

With the definition used in the EUROGAST study (PG I < 25 ng/mL), prevalence of chronic atrophic gastritis increased from 4.8% in age group 50-54 to 8.7% in age group 70-74. An alternative definition of chronic atrophic gastritis (PG I < 70 ng/mL and PG I/PG II < 3), used in multiple studies from Japan, revealed a greater increase with age (from 2.7% to 9.1%) and a strong association with H. pylori infection (adjusted odds ratio: 2.9, 95% confidence interval: 2.4-3.7). With both definitions, a strong inverse association with heartburn was observed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall chronic atrophic gastritis prevalence is low among older adults in Germany, but it strongly increases with age and H. pylori infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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