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Anal Biochem. 1991 Aug 1;196(2):311-8.

Purification of rough-type lipopolysaccharides of Neisseria meningitidis from cells and outer membrane vesicles in spent media.

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Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


A procedure for the purification of Neisseria meningitidis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from outer membrane vesicles (OMV) in spent growth media was developed. Five different LPS strains of group A N. meningitidis were grown in tryptic soy broth with vigorous aeration for 36-48 h, and centrifuged to collect both cells and supernatants. The amount of LPS in the OMV in the supernatants was higher or at least equal to that in the cells. The OMV in each supernatant were concentrated, pelleted by ultracentrifugation, and treated with 2% sodium deoxycholate to dissociate LPS from OMV. The LPS was then separated from capsular polysaccharides, proteins and phospholipids by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300 column in 1% sodium deoxycholate, and precipitated from the column fractions in 70% ethanol. In addition, LPS was also extracted from cells with hot phenol-water, ultracentrifuged once after treatment with ribonuclease, and purified on Sephacryl S-300. When compared with an improved phenol-water extraction method, the LPS obtained from either OMV or cells by the above methods gave a 40-180% increase in yield. The LPS also had much higher activities in limulus amebocyte lysate assay, rabbit pyrogenic test, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The LPS purified from cells and from OMV were indistinguishable by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis.

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