Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2007 Oct;36(10):890-5. Epub 2007 Sep 4.

Satisfaction with treatment outcome in bilateral cleft lip and palate patients.

Author information

Department of Orthodontics, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.


The aim of this case-controlled study was to assess satisfaction with facial appearance and function, and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in bilateral cleft lip and palate patients (BCLP). The study sample was composed of adult BCLP subjects and controls matched for age, gender and socioeconomic status. Outcome measures included a self-administered questionnaire evaluating satisfaction with facial appearance, function and HRQL. Bivariate statistics were computed to analyse the association between BCLP status and outcome measures. Forty-three treated adult BCLP patients (mean age 28.2 years, SD 7.8) were compared to 43 controls without clefts (mean age 28.5 years, SD 8.0). Quantitative and qualitative assessment revealed that BCLP patients were significantly less satisfied with the appearance of the upper lip, the nose and nasal breathing. Additionally, satisfaction with facial appearance correlated positively with HRQL. For speech, hearing and drinking, quantitative scores did not differ between BCLP and controls, while qualitative assessment revealed that BCLP patients had considerable problems and concerns with these functions. This study underlines the importance of qualitative assessment of patient satisfaction with treatment outcome to identify individual problems and concerns not revealed by quantitative measures alone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center