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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007 Sep;137(3):428-32.

Comparison of approaches for oral cavity cancer resection: lip-split versus visor flap.

Author information

1
Hedgewood Surgical Center, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, New Orleans, LA 70130, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare lip-split and visor flap approaches to the oral cavity in terms of morbidity, margins, and locoregional recurrence.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Retrospective case series at the University of Washington, Seattle.

METHODS:

Seventy patients undergoing resection of advanced (T4) anterior oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma requiring fibula reconstruction were grouped according to surgical access procedure performed (lip-split [LS] or visor flap [VF]). Data on surgical morbidity, margin status, and outcomes were compared.

RESULTS:

Recurrence rates and positive margins were similar for both groups. Rates of postoperative fistulae were 6.8% (LS) vs 0% (VF) and for oral incompetence 14.6% (LS) vs 6.9% (VF). Most of the fistulas (37.5%) were in irradiated patients. Neither group had any malunions.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is no significant difference in pathological margins or rates of local recurrence when using either the lip-split or the visor approach. The lip-split approach has a higher rate of postoperative fistula formation than the visor flap approach; fistula formation may be associated with previous irradiation.

PMID:
17765770
DOI:
10.1016/j.otohns.2007.05.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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