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J Mol Graph Model. 2008 Feb;26(6):947-56. Epub 2007 Jul 27.

Analysis of CYP2D6 substrate interactions by computational methods.

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  • 1Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, 680-4 Kawazu, Iizuka-City, Fukuoka 820-8502, Japan.


Cytochrome P450 CYP2D6 is involved in the oxidation of well over 150 drugs and, in general, those which contain a basic nitrogen atom in the molecule. To clarify how the residues of CYP2D6 are utilized for orientating a wide range of its specific substrates and distinguishing them from a variety of other organic compounds, docking studies by AutoDock and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were conducted. Specific ligands were docked to both the homology model and crystal structures optimally to estimate the site of reaction on the ligand molecule and the binding energy for the complex, which were generally in good agreement with the experimental data. MD simulation for the CYP2D6-propranolol complex was then carried out to reveal the amino acid residues interacting with the substrate at the active site. Phe-120, Glu-216, Asp-301, and Phe-483 are identified as the substrate-binding residues in agreement with previously reported site-directed mutagenesis data and the crystal structure reported recently (PDB code: 2F9Q). As well as these residues, our theoretical prediction suggests that Phe-219 and Glu-222 are also important residues for mediating oxidation of substrates, especially propranolol.

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