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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007 Sep 1;231(5):721-6.

Long-term palliation of tetralogy of Fallot in dogs by use of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt.

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1
Department of Clinical Science, Royal Veterinary College, North Mymms, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, England.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBT) procedure and assess its use in dogs with clinical signs associated with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF).

DESIGN:

Descriptive report.

ANIMALS:

6 dogs with severe TOF-associated clinical signs.

PROCEDURES:

Each dog had TOF (confirmed echocardiographically or angiographically) and underwent an mBT shunt procedure for surgical palliation of signs. The surgery was performed through a left fourth rib resection or a left fifth intercostal thoracotomy. The left subclavian artery was dissected free from surrounding mediastinal tissue. The main pulmonary artery trunk was exposed through an incision in the overlying pericardium. A shunt comprised of a 6-mm-diameter tube of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (5 dogs) or a segment of carotid artery (1 dog) was sutured end to side between the left subclavian artery and pulmonary artery trunk.

RESULTS:

5 of the 6 dogs survived the immediate postoperative period. The dog that died shortly after surgery was the smallest of the dogs (weight, 2.9 kg [6.38 lb]) and had received the carotid artery autograft. Three dogs survived long term and 2 dogs died of unknown causes 6 years after undergoing the mBT shunt procedure. In all dogs that survived the mBT procedure, shunt patency was confirmed and quality of life appeared improved.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

These findings have suggested that the mBT shunt procedure safely provides long-term palliation of TOF-associated clinical signs in dogs. In addition, it may offer an effective low-risk and lower-cost alternative to open heart repair of TOF.

PMID:
17764430
DOI:
10.2460/javma.231.5.721
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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