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Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2007 Dec;13(12):1509-15.

Pediatric onset Crohn's colitis is characterized by genotype-dependent age-related susceptibility.

Author information

1
Pediatric Gastroenterology Unit, Wolfson Medical Center and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. alevine@wolfson.health.gov.il

Erratum in

  • Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2008 Dec;14(12):1760. Orazio, Palmieri [corrected to Palmieri, Orazio].

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pediatric onset Crohn's disease (CD) is associated with more colitis and less ileitis compared with adult onset CD. Differences in disease site by age may suggest a different genotype, or different host responses such as decreased ileal susceptibility or increased susceptibility of the colon.

METHODS:

We evaluated 721 pediatric onset CD patients from 3 cohorts with a high allele frequency of NOD2/CARD15 mutations. Children with isolated upper intestinal disease were excluded. The remaining 678 patients were evaluated for interactions between age of onset, NOD2/CARD15, and disease location.

RESULTS:

We found an age-related tendency for isolated colitis. Among pediatric onset patients without NOD2/CARD15 mutations, colitis without ileal involvement was significantly more common in first-decade onset patients (P = 4.57 x 10(-5), odds ratio [OR] 2.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.72-4.43). This was not true for colonic disease with ileal involvement (P = 0.35), or for isolated colitis in patients with NOD2/CARD15 mutations (P = 0.61). Analysis of 229 patients with ileal or ileocolonic disease and a NOD2/CARD15 mutation disclosed that ileocolitis was more prevalent through age 10, while isolated ileitis was more prevalent above age 10 (P = 0.016). NOD2/CARD15 mutations were not associated with age of onset.

CONCLUSIONS:

In early-onset pediatric CD, children with NOD2/CARD15 mutations demonstrate more ileocolitis and less isolated ileitis. Young children without NOD2/CARD15 mutations have an isolated colonic disease distribution, suggesting that this phenotype is associated with genes that lead to a specific phenotype of early-onset disease.

PMID:
17763471
DOI:
10.1002/ibd.20244
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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