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A Canadian multicentre prospective study on the effects of an oral contraceptive containing 3 mg drospirenone and 30 microg ethinyl oestradiol on somatic and psychological symptoms related to water retention and on body weight.

Author information

1
Bayer Inc., Toronto, Ontario, Canada. jan.endrikat.b@bayer.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the effects of an oral contraceptive containing 3 mg drospirenone (DRSP) and 30 microg ethinyl oestradiol (EE) on somatic and psychological symptoms related to water retention, and on body weight.

METHODS:

This prospective study was performed in 26 centres in Canada over six treatment cycles. The first primary efficacy variable was the individual change in the water retention score of the Moos Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MDQ) from baseline to the final examination in women with significant somatic symptoms related to water retention (n = 43). The second primary target variable was the change in body weight (n = 305).

RESULTS:

Forty-three women met the criteria for the first primary target variable. In the premenstrual phase, the score decreased from 6.49 (SEM 0.45) at baseline to 3.19 (SEM 0.54) at the final examination (p = 0.0001). The data for the menstrual phase were 4.70 (SEM 0.30) at baseline and 2.35 (SEM 0.32) at the final examination (p < 0.0001). Baseline data from 299 women were assessed for the second primary target variable. Body weight did not change significantly, having increased only by 0.14 kg (SEM 0.13) at the final visit (p = 0.3082).

CONCLUSION:

An oral contraceptive containing 3 mg DRSP and 30 microg EE significantly reduced the clinical symptoms of water retention. Body weight did not change.

PMID:
17763260
DOI:
10.1080/13625180701440818
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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