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Pediatr Pathol. 1991 Nov-Dec;11(6):851-66.

Pulmonary vascular changes in bronchopulmonary dysplasia: a clinicopathologic correlation in short- and long-term survivors.

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1
Department of Neonatology, Free University of Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

Pulmonary vascular findings in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are inconsistent. We compared five infants who fulfilled histologic criteria of BPD (group I; survival up to 1 month) with five controls who died of severe neonatal infection without having been ventilated. Nine infants who survived up to 7 months also fulfilled clinical criteria of BPD (group II). These were compared with three term infants who died of nonpulmonary causes. Lung slices were examined qualitatively and by quantitative histomorphometry. The influence of oxygen concentration and positive pressure ventilation on arterial density was studied. Arterial concentration in group I [2.43 (0.63) vessels/mm2, mean +/- SD] increased significantly compared with the controls [1.64 (0.49) vessels/mm2, mean +/- SD]. Most infants in group II who had cor pulmonale at autopsy had decreased arterial density when compared with normal term infants. Postmortem pulmonary angiography was also consistent with this finding. Total oxygen dose was the factor with the greatest influence on reduced arterial density. Relative wall thickness of vessels less than 75 microns in diameter was not significantly reduced in group I (p greater than .05). Infants from group II with cor pulmonale had an increased wall thickness compared with their controls. The proportion of fully muscularized arteries less than 100 microns in diameter was reduced in group I but increased in group II. We conclude that the reduction of cross-sectional perfusion area and abnormal muscularization of more peripheral vessels are important in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension in infants with BPD.

PMID:
1775401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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