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J Neurophysiol. 1991 Aug;66(2):623-34.

Temperature neurons in the crotaline trigeminal ganglia.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, University of the Ryukyus School of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.

Abstract

1. Intrasomal recordings were made with microelectrodes from 153 warm (infrared) neurons in the trigeminal ganglia of 36 crotaline snakes, Trimeresurus flavoviridis. Background discharges were observed at room temperature. The 153 warm neurons were classified into two groups: 81 were sensitive to less than or equal to 10 mg of von Frey hair mechanical stimulation (warm T + M neuron), and 72 were insensitive to up to 100 mg or more of mechanical stimulation (warm T neuron). For T + M and T neurons the receptive fields were all located in the pit organ. The mechanically sensitive field of warm T + M neurons located within the infrared receptive field on the pit membrane was less than 1 mm in diameter, and there was only one field per neuron. 2. Electrophysiological parameters were measured. These measurements included membrane potential, action potential amplitude, time of peaking, time duration at the resting membrane potential level, afterhyperpotential (AHP) height and AHP time to half-decay, and maximum rates of depolarization and repolarization. No difference in action potential parameters between the means of these two submodality groups was observed. 3. Intracellular horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeling was used for defining the warm neuron profile. The somata of warm T and warm T + M neurons and T- or Y-shaped bifurcations of the axon were observed in the ganglion. At the bifurcation point, nodes of Ranvier were observed, but without broad triangular expansion. Diameters of the central axons were thinner than those of the peripheral or stem axons. There were no differences between the mean diameters of the two submodalities. 4. The central axons of warm T and T + M neurons projected to the lateral descending nucleus of the trigeminal nerve (LTTD). Their synaptic boutons were found in the LTTD. No branching of the axons to the principal sensory nucleus or the descending nucleus of the trigeminal nerve was found. These results were the same for six warm T and eight warm T + M neurons. 5. Conduction velocities of the peripheral fibers were measured by stimulating superficial branches of the maxillary nerve electrically. Three groups of conduction velocity were identified in the compound potentials. The conduction velocity of the peak action potential of the warm T fibers was 6.9 +/- 1.2 (SD) m/s (n = 18), that of the T + M fibers 6.7 +/- 0.9 m/s (n = 23). These fell into the second group of the compound potentials.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

PMID:
1774590
DOI:
10.1152/jn.1991.66.2.623
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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