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Science. 1979 Dec 21;206(4425):1402-4.

The "little ice age": northern hemisphere average observations and model calculations.

Abstract

Numerical energy balance climate model calculations of the average surface temperature of the Northern Hemisphere for the past 400 years are compared with a new reconstruction of the past climate. Forcing with volcanic dust produces the best simulation, whereas expressing the solar constant as a function of the envelope of the sunspot number gives very poor results.

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