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Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 1991 Feb;2(1):97-100.

Reocclusion after thrombolysis: a problem solved by hirudin?

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Knoll AG, Department of Angiology, Ludwigshafen, Germany.


The effect of recombinant hirudin (r-hir), unfractionated heparin (UFH) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on the incidence of reocclusion after thrombolysis with plasminogen activator (rt-PA) was evaluated in anaesthetized rabbits. Formation of a platelet rich thrombus was achieved by implantation of a copper coil into the iliac artery. The occluded artery was recanalized in six of ten animals by intravenous administration of rt-PA given as a bolus injection of 0.1 mg/kg followed by infusion of 0.5 mg/kg/h. Within 1 h after termination of rt-PA infusion rethrombosis was observed in 100% of recanalized vessels. The incidence of reocclusion was diminished by r-hir in a dose-dependent manner to 50% after infusion of 0.05 mg/kg/h and to 25% after 0.1 mg/kg/h. No effect on APTT was detectable in this dosage after 3 h infusion. UFH in a dosage increasing APTT two-fold (35 U/kg/h) did not reduce the reocclusion rate. 100 U/kg/h UFH increased APTT to greater than 3 min and reduced reocclusion rates to 50%. ASA showed a minor effect on the incidence of restenosis whereas the combination of 0.1 mg/kg/h r-hir plus bolus injection of 10 mg/kg ASA led to a further reduction in reocclusion rates to only 11% and an increase in reperfusion rates from 60 to 90%. Our experiments indicate that the combination of plasminogen activator with r-hir may be a useful approach for the prophylaxis of early reocclusion.

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